Research in the 1980's- 2000's- exploratory studies; Relaxing music was used in birthing- what did that mean? How does it work? Programs and studies evolved to help determine how and why MTACB is effective.
Gonzales (1989) The Music Therapy-Assisted Childbirth program attempts to facilitate 1) reduction of stress for the working mother-to-be, in preparation for the birthing process, and 2) a more positive interaction between mother and child in the postnatal period. It emphasizes adequate emotional preparation, patient and infant relaxation/stimulation through frequency and length of music home practice. The program integrates compatible-researched methods and strategies, and new methodology regarding breathing techniques and music.
DiCamillo (1999) proposed a family-system/bio-psycho-social approach to birthing MTACB Dissertation- Pepperdine University. The Sound Birthing method evolved from this research.
DiCamillo, M. (2000) Used music effectively in an emergency high risk pre-term delivery due to pregnancy-induced hypertension with excellent outcomes for mother and baby. MTACB can be used in emergency settings where epidural analgesia is too risky for mother during labor.
Browning (2000) Using Music During Childbirth- Women selected the combination of music and labor support as a helpful coping strategy during labor. All women used the music during labor to help distract them from the pain or their current situation. Conclusion: The planned use of music by mothers and caregivers can be an aid to prenatal preparation and an important adjunct in pain and stress management during labor and birth.
Sound Birthing (2002) Music Therapy Assisted Childbirth Case Studies: Five Women, Five BIrths- Conclusion: every birth is unique and does not always go according to plan- support is equally as important as the music; one without the other and the experience is not the same.
Fulton (2005) The Effects of Music Therapy on Physiological Measures, Perceived Pain, and Perceived Fatigue of Women in Early Labor- ANOVA revealed self reported pain and fatique were significantly lower for the music group.
Shu-Chen Chang Chung-Hey Chen (2005) This controlled study provides evidence that music therapy can reduce anxiety and create a more satisfying experience for women undergoing cesarean delivery.
Mei-Yueh Chang, Chung-Hey Chen, Kuo-Feng Huang (2008) Effects of music therapy on psychological health of women during pregnancy. Conclusion: This controlled trial provides preliminary evidence that two-week music therapy during pregnancy provides quantifiable psychological benefits. Findings: Pregnant women should be encouraged to use MTACB as this cost-effective method of music in their daily life to reduce their stress, anxiety and depression.
This timeline was put together by Mary DiCamillo, PhD, MT-BC Sound Birthing Director.